Diet for Gout
Diet plays an important role in the management of gout. Foods rich in purines should be avoided; however you can consume certain foods moderately rich in purines. Including foods that help control uric acid levels can be helpful. The whole idea is to maintain a healthy weight and eat healthy to keep the symptoms of gout at bay.
GOUT DIET RECOMMENDATIONS
WHAT IS GOUT?
Over the years, gout has been considered a disease of the wealthy people. Men, obese people, people who consume a lot of meat, seafood and alcohol are at greater risk of developing gout. Purines are broken down into uric acid. Thus a diet rich in purines can elevate the uric acid levels worsening symptoms like pain, swelling, and inflammation of the joints. The big toe is the most commonly affected part; however gout can attack the feet, ankles, knees, and hands as well. Following an elimination diet by avoiding certain foods high in purines, including foods that help lowering uric acid levels and maintain a healthy weight are necessary.
We are providing the necessary food recommendations for gout that can help.
- Risk of developing gout is reduced in people eating a diet rich in dairy products, green leafy vegetables, Fruits such as Bananas, Oranges, lemon, cherries and peaches.
- Studies find significant and inverse association between dairy intake and incidence of gout. Some of the possible mediators of urate-lowering effect of dairy are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, lactalbumin, casein, lactose and orotic acid. Milk contains orotic acid which promotes renal urate excretion and could contribute to the urate-lowering effects of dairy products. Casein and lactalbumin load have been shown to decrease plasma urate after a two hour period. Finally, high dairy product consumption may reflect a generally healthier diet and lifestyle. Add protein to your diet with low-fat or fat-free dairy products, such as low-fat yogurt or skim milk, which are associated with reduced uric acid levels
- Cooking of high-purines reduces the purine risk
- Consume Green vegetables and tomatoes, Butter, buttermilk, cheese, and eggs.
- Include Chocolate, cocoa, Peanut butter and nuts
Foods for Moderate Consumption:
- Mushrooms as well as a number of vegetables such as asparagus, cauliflower, spinach, lentils and soya beans are also rich in purines and should be eaten in moderation.
- Oatmeal, wheat bran, and wheat germ
Foods to Avoid:
- High purine foods include: Meat – particularly red meat and offal, such as liver and kidneys heart and sweetbreads, fatty poultry and high-fat dairy products
Meat intake and diets rich in purines have been recognized as risk factors for gout since ancient times.
- Avoid Yeast containing foods and beverages such as breads and beer.
- Soybean intake raise plasma urate significantly
- All alcoholic drinks are best avoided
- Avoid cabbage, spinach, rhubarb, coco, black tea as these are known to increase uric acid.
- Avoid white bread, cakes, candy, sugar-sweetened beverages and products with high-fructose corn syrup.
- Avoid lean meat, fish and poultry to 4 to 6 ounces (113 to 170 grams).