Can Dietary Changes help Manage Edema?
There are various causes for edema & strategies to tackle the issue. It is important to make dietary changes to reduce edema. Reducing sodium intake & increasing potassium in the diet can often help.
EDEMA DIET RECOMMENDATIONS
WHAT IS EDEMA?
Edema is a condition caused due to accumulation of fluids in the spaces between the body cells or the circulatory system. As a result, there are symptoms like puffiness and swelling in many areas of the body, including legs, arms, feet, hands, lungs, heart, or stomach.
It may be caused due to several medical conditions like heart, kidney or liver failure; however another risk factor is malnutrition or poor nutrition. Excess of sodium in the body tissues will hold on the water to balance the fluid-sodium ratio, the more sodium you consume, greater the fluid retention. Thus reduction of sodium intake is a must. You can even try increasing the potassium level, in order to reduce the sodium level. Vitamin B5, B6 and Omega-3 fatty acids can help alleviate the symptoms. Nutritional experts recommend maintaining sodium intake under 2300 mg per day.
We are providing the necessary food recommendations for Edema that can help.
- Increased intake of potassium helps the kidneys remove excess sodium and fluid, therefore we recommend edema sufferers to eat plenty of raw vegetables and fruit rich in potassium, especially spinach, lettuce, broccoli, bananas, oranges, apricots and tomatoes.
- Vitamin B6 is recommended in edema. It has a diuretic (excretion of fluid) effect and is particularly useful for pre-menstrual fluid retention. Vitamin B6 (pyrioxine) is known to help in clearing water retention. Brown rice and red meat are good sources of vitamin B6
- Eat plenty of cereal products, yeast, fish, chicken and nuts.
- Drink adequate amounts of barley water.
- Increase the physical activity and eat a balanced diet.
- Increasing dietary intake of the omega-3 fatty acids found in oily fish and fish oils —eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — generally decrease several markers of inflammation.
- Turmeric and Ginger may inhibit the pro-inflammatory lipo-oxygenase or cyclo-oxygenase pathways
- VitaminB5, calcium, magnesium and vitamin D help the body remove water by increasing kidney function.
Foods for Moderate Consumption:
- Moderate or limit consumption of animal proteins, fried foods and chocolate.
- High fat foods can limit or adversely affect the kidney functioning.
- Dairy products, canned/preserved vegetables, legumes, and processed meats may contain significant amounts of sodium.
Foods to Avoid:
- Sodium Is Bad For Edema- avoid adding salt at the table and use a little or none in cooking;
- Avoid highly salted foods, such as chips, nuts, pretzels, corned meat, processed meats, sausages and takeaway food;
- Avoid salty condiments such as packet sauces, soy sauce and
- Restrict the intake of processed and canned foods, as they provide a good supply of sodium.
- Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated beverages.
- Studies suggest that diets rich in saturated fats, trans fats and high glycemic index foods stimulate inflammation.
Massaging the affected area with warm mustard oil will act as a lubricant, which forces the fluid back to the heart.