Doshas or Fundamental Energies
The main seat of Vata is lower abdomen below the umbilicus. It is responsible for all movements in the body.
Vata is responsible for enthusiasm, breathing(inspiration and expiration), all movements and actions (talking, walking and body movements, activities of the sense organs). Vata circulates throughout the body, and helps in transportation of its supporting Dhatus (elements) such as the rasa (fluids), rakta (blood), etc. Vata creates normal vibration of natural urges like, excretion of urine, faeces, hunger, thirst, flatus, sneeze, sleep, yawn, belch, etc.
Pitta is situated mainly in the upper abdomen, above the umbilicus and below the thorax. It is responsible for digestion and metabolism.
Pitta gives vision(as opposed to perception which is due to vata), hunger, thirst, taste perception, digestion, heat-production, softness and suppleness of the body, luster, cheerfulness and intelligence.
Kapha’s Main seat is chest region (thorax). Kapha is responsible for strength, stability, tolerance and immunity.
Kapha maintains integrity and smoothness of joints, general stability of the body and build, potency and strength, forbearance, courage and lack of greed.
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